Review Process


  • Ideally, we prefer to maintain a direct interaction with the author(s) during the revision process. We believe that this close working relationship not only speeds up the revision process, but also provides the author with the opportunity to quickly clarify all doubts, no matter how small, as well as allowing us to develop a better understanding of their needs.
  • We prefer to work with Microsoft Word, but if you would like to work with other software, please contact us to discuss.
  • We will generally write to you in English, but please feel free to respond in whichever language you are most comfortable with.


Stages of translation and review

  • The first round of revision consists of translation (where applicable), thorough critical reading by an expert who is familiar with your field and who will suggest changes to improve the organisation, precision and clarity of your scientific argument. This will be followed by a thorough language review of the manuscript, checking for spelling, punctuation, sentence structure, meaning and fluidity.
  • After the author has reviewed our changes, comments and queries, we recommend that the article be returned for a second round of revision, with any doubts, discrepancies or comments highlighted as tracked changes.
  • Following this second revision, the author may require clarification of any additional points; please feel free to write to us as many times as you like until all issues have been dealt with to your satisfaction.
  • If your article needs to be re-formatted for a second or subsequent journal, you may wish for us to check the final version.
  • Following submission of your article, a similar process can be repeated for your response to the reviewer and any substantial changes to linguistic aspects of the article (additional paragraphs, re-structure phrases, etc.).



  • We recommend that a minimum two weeks be set aside for the process of reviewing your article.
  • We generall return first revisions within 7-10 days of receiving them, but will aim to do this more quickly. We will keep you informed if we foresee any delays.
  • We will generally be able to deal with the author’s responses to the first revision quite quickly and we aim to return the second revision within 2-3 days.
  • We generally try to respond to requests for clarification of any additional points within 24 hours, but can usually do this within a few hours of receiving them.
  • If you have a specific deadline, we will do everything we can to help you achieve this (enter the due date – not the submission date! – in the relevant field of the manuscript submission form). In exceptional circumstances, we may accept articles with an urgent deadline within a few days, which may carry an additional fee. If you are planning to send us an article with a short deadline, please try to give advance notice, and/or consider sending us any parts of the manuscript that have been completed.


Submission Checklist

  • Manuscript versions: If you are sending an article to revise, consider also sending any versions written in your own language (Catalan or Spanish).
  • Affiliations: Some authors choose to provide the list of affiliations in English. Where applicable, let me know if you would like me to ‘translate’ these affiliations.
  • Send a glossary of specialist terminology: It’s possible that we will be unfamiliar with at least some of the specialist terms in your article, and that we will translate or modify them to a form that may sound clear to us but that will not be easily recognised by others in your field. Therefore, to avoid mis-spent time, consider sending us a list of terms you think we might be unfamiliar with along with the exact terms you would like to appear in your article. This applies whether you’re writing in your own language or in English.
  • References: If you’re using a reference management program, send the manuscript without formatting the reference list, but rather leave the field codes in plain text. This will help to avoid problems that might arise during editing and change tracking.
  • US English or UK English: Let us know whether you’re planning to send your article to a journal that uses US English or one that uses UK English. This is not a fundamentally important point, as the manuscript will generally be proofread and copy-edited before publication (unless it’s a PLoS journal, and possibly others).